Among the presidents, he was the first one to have a former US president as his father. As such, he had been brought up for a life of public service.
Though frequently absent due to his participation in the American RevolutionJohn Adams maintained a correspondence with his son, encouraging him to read works by authors like Thucydides and Hugo Grotius. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and excelled academically, graduating second in his class in Despite some early struggles, he experienced moderate success as an attorney and was able to establish his financial independence from his parents.
Inhe wrote a series of pseudonymously-published essays in which he argued that Britain provided a better governmental model than France. Adams supported the Jay Treaty, but it proved unpopular with many in the United States, contributing to a growing partisan split between the Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton and the Democratic-Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson.
In AprilLouisa accepted Adams's proposal of marriage. Adams's parents disapproved of his decision to marry a woman who had grown up in England, but he informed his parents that he would not reconsider his decision.
Nonetheless, Adams noted in his own diary that he had no regrets about his decision to marry Louisa.
When the elder Adams became president, he appointed his son as the U. The State Department charged Adams with developing commercial relations with Prussia and Swedenbut President Adams also asked his son to write him frequently about affairs in Europe.
Though somewhat reluctant to affiliate with any political party, Adams joined the Federalist minority in Congress. His disaffection was driven by the party's declining popularity, disagreements over foreign policy, and Adams's hostility to Timothy Pickeringa Federalist Party leader whom Adams viewed as overly favorable to Britain.
Unlike other New England Federalists, Adams supported the Jefferson administration's Louisiana Purchase and generally favored expansionist policies.
Adams was the lone Federalist in Congress to vote for the Non-importation Act ofwhich was designed to punish Britain for its attacks on American shipping in the midst of the ongoing Napoleonic Wars.
Adams became increasingly frustrated with the unwillingness of other Federalists to condemn British actions, including impressmentand he moved closer to the Jefferson administration. After Adams supported the Embargo Act ofthe Federalist-controlled Massachusetts legislature elected Adams's successor several months before the end of his term, and Adams resigned from the Senate shortly thereafter.
Adams's devotion to classical rhetoric shaped his response to public issues, and he would remain inspired by those rhetorical ideals long after the neo-classicalism and deferential politics of the founding generation were eclipsed by the commercial ethos and mass democracy of the Jacksonian Era.
Many of Adams's idiosyncratic positions were rooted in his abiding devotion to the Ciceronian ideal of the citizen-orator "speaking well" to promote the welfare of the polis. Just as civic eloquence failed to gain popularity in Britain, in the United States interest faded in the second decade of the 19th century, as the "public spheres of heated oratory" disappeared in favor of the private sphere.
Peckand the Supreme Court ultimately agreed with Adams's argument that the Constitution's Contract Clause prevented the state of Georgia from invalidating a land sale to out-of-state companies. Though Adams had only recently broken with the Federalist Party, his support of Jefferson's foreign policy had earned him goodwill with the Madison Administration.
Petersburg in October He quickly established a productive working relationship with Russian official Nikolay Rumyantsevand eventually befriended Tsar Alexander I of Russia. Adams continued to favor American neutrality between France and Britain in the midst of the Napoleonic War.
In mid, the United States declared war against Britain, beginning the War of Bayard to a delegation charged with negotiating an end to the war. Gallatin and Bayard arrived in St.John Quincy Adams, nicknamed “Old Man Eloquent” is the sixth President of the United States.
Among the presidents, he was the first one to have a former US president as his father. Number President: 10th President: Terms Served: 1 Term Served: Dates Served: Party: Whig: State Represented: Virginia: Married to / First Lady: Letitia Christian Tyler and to .
John Quincy Adams, son of John and Abigail Adams, served as the sixth President of the United States from to A member of multiple political parties over the years, he also served as a. John Adams was a Founding Father who became the second president of the United States.
He died on July 4, , 50 years after he helped draft the Declaration of Independence. Learn more at. John Adams was one of the founding fathers of the United States. He fought for American Independence as a Massachusetts delegate to the Continental Congress.
He was a member of the team that worked on the Declaration of Independence and one of only two people who signed the Declaration to later become president (the other was . Discover details about the life and career of George Washington, a military and political leader of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, and the first U.S.
president. Learn more at.