The outline for a response paper is simple.
What lens are you viewing from? The Four Cs of Reflection Effective strategies for fostering reflection are based on four core elements of reflection known as the Four Cs.
Link the "service" in the community with the structured "learning" in the classroom. Without structured reflection, students may fail to bridge the gap between the concrete service experience and the abstract issues discussed in class.
Instructors should be prepared to pose questions and ideas that are unfamiliar or even uncomfortable for consideration by the learner in a respectful atmosphere. Ensures that the reflection activities or topics are appropriate and meaningful in relation to the experiences of the students.
Ideas for Reflection Reflection can happen in the classroom, at the community organization, or individually through course assignments. There are a wide range of meaningful reflective practices and strategies that can be incorporated into service-learning, including the frequently used approaches listed below.
Writing in journals is widely used by service-learning programs to promote reflection. See bottom of page for sample reflection questions. Students capture their community experience through field notes. Students analyze an organizational issue and write a case study that identifies a decision that needs to be made.
Students create a video or photo documentary on the community experience. Students select a major theory covered in the course and analyze its application to the experience in the community.
Students identify organizational structure, culture and mission. Presentations to Community Organizations: Students present work to community organization staff, board members, and participants.
Invite community members or organization staff to present in class on their issue area. Through guided discussion questions, have students critically think about their service experiences.
Identify community events that students can attend to learn more about issues. View a video or documentary to elicit discussion about critical issues that relate to their service experiences.
Students write a letter-to-the-editor or to government officials that address issues important to the community organizations where they are working Creative Projects: Students make a collage or write a poem or song to express an experience.
Create a course blog where students can post comments on their experiences. Find articles, poems, stories or songs that relate to the service students are doing and that create discussion questions.
Sample Reflection Questions What is your role at the community site? What were your initial expectations?
Have these expectations changed? What about your community involvement has been an eye-opening experience? What specific skills have you used at your community site?
Do you see benefits of doing community work? Why or why not? Has your view of the population with whom you have been working changed?
How has the environment and social conditions affected the people at your site? What institutional structures are in place at your site or in the community? How do they affect the people you work with?
Has the experience affected your worldview?
Have your career options been expanded by your service experience? Why does the organization you are working for exist? Did anything about your community involvement surprise you? What did you do that seemed to be effective or ineffective in the community? How does your understanding of the community change as a result of your participation in this project?
How can you continue your involvement with this group or social issue?How to Write a Reflection Paper. In this Article: Article Summary Sample Outline and Paper Brainstorming Organizing a Reflection Paper As You Write Community Q&A Reflection papers allow you to communicate with your instructor about how a specific article, lesson, lecture, or experience shapes your understanding of class-related material.
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